As mentioned in the U.S National Institutes of Health, balance disorder is a condition that makes you feel unsteady or dizzy. If you are standing, sitting, or lying down, you might feel as if you are moving, spinning, or floating. If you are walking, you might suddenly feel as if you are tipping over.
Everyone has a dizzy spell now and then, but the term “dizziness” can mean different things. For one person, dizziness might mean a fleeting feeling of faintness, while for another, it could be an intense sensation of spinning (vertigo) that lasts a long time.
Balance disorder puts these people at risk: the people on medication, the people with a viral infection, the people with internal severe ear problems, or the people recovering from a head injury. So, the first step is to make sure if the person has a balance disorder. The risk of balance impairment is higher in older ages, especially if the person is dealing with high or low blood pressure. Some temporary balance problems include traveling on a boat or ship or even on an airplane. To check and diagnose the symptoms of balance impairment, click here.
If the person has more than one or two symptoms, the best thing to do is arrange an appointment with a doctor to check the symptoms and make sure the problem is a balance disorder. The otolaryngologist checkup the person and determines if another health condition or medication is to blame. If there is any problem, the condition will be treated, another drug will suggest, or another specialist will be introduced if it is out of the doctor’s expertise.
Balance disorder treatments
The elementary method in diagnosing balance impairment is running blood tests, hearing exams, eye movement tests, MRI or CT Scan of the brain, and posturography. If the test results show that the person has a balance disorder for sure, the specialist will choose a treatment due to the types of balance impairment.
Balance disorders sometimes will correct by one of these treatments:
Due to the person’s condition with a balance problem, the doctor will prescribe a series of medicines or adjust or replace the dosage. It depends on whether the vestibular system dysfunction is in an initial or acute phase. A treatment like pharmacological treatment may help control the symptoms, reduce the psychological comorbidity, and accelerate central compensation. .
Surgery on the vestibular system is recommended for those who have Meniere’s Disease when medical treatment isn’t enough. Its Depends on the individual’s diagnosis and physical condition, the type of surgery performed. The procedure of surgery for the peripheral vestibular disorder is corrective or destructive. The surgery is corrective if the goal is to repair or stabilize inner ear function. The surgery is disastrous if the goal is to stop producing sensory information or prevent its transmission from the inner ear to the brain.
The otolaryngologist may recommend the changes to a diet if the person is diagnosed with Ménière’s disease, The otolaryngologist may recommend diet changes if the person diagnosed with Ménière’s disease, secondary endolymphatic hydrops, and vestibular migraine because certain foods can be such a trigger and increase the symptoms. So, diet modifications may reduce the symptoms.
BPPV (Benign Positional Paroxysmal Vertigo) is a series of slow head and body movements. The healthcare provider helps the person go through a simple 15-minutes office procedure designed to reposition any loose calcium crystal. These crystals made their way into semi-circular canals in the inner ears. The process may need to repeat a couple of times.
Motion-sickness medications may prescribe for this problem by healthcare professionals. This prescription is for reliving the feelings of vertigo, dizziness, and possibly methylprednisolone to reduce the inner ear inflammation. Antibiotics prescribing, in some cases, may be needed.
This one is considered a chronic disease, but the symptoms can minimize, and the person can have a daily life function comfortably. Distributing the meals into five or six small meals instead of three large meals and the salt restriction reduces the fluid build-up of inner ear and can reduce the Meniere’s disease symptoms.
Physical therapy (PT) or physiotherapy
it is one of the allied health professions that use evidence-based kinesiology, health education, electrical and physical agents, and treats acute or chronic pain. Exercise prescription and many other conditions help people with physical impairment gradually improve their dysfunctions. This way is A vestibular rehabilitation therapist can help if the person does not fully relieve the dizziness and needs another way to cope with it.
Balance disorder Exercises and sports
There are customized therapy programs of balance retraining and exercises which help compensate for the imbalance. These programs also help to adapt less balance and maintain physical activity. A balance aid will recommend preventing falls if the therapist thinks it’s needed.
There are also some sports which help the person as an exercise to improve the balance gradually. Here are some sports which are designed for people with a balance disorder.
Is a great sport with racerunning bike for those people who lives with balance disorder problem and love to walk or run easily. To get more information of racerunning bikes, click here.
It is a kind of ball sport similar to Bocce, which is originally designed for people with cerebral palsy and other neurological disorders. This sport help people to have control on muscles moment and mind! and try to play and enjoy.
It is a ball game which is especially aimed at the player who has physical disabilities. The game plays on a tennis table with no net or barriers. Playing this game with all physical activities during this game, you could have fun with your friends!
It is a kind of football designed for people who use a walker or crutches as their mobility aids. This sport helps people with balance disorders to improve their muscles to have better balance besides having fun in their lives.
It is an adapted version of cricket which plays on a Tennis table. This kind of sport is specially designed for the (young) people with disabilities to have the chance to play and compete for just the same as other people.
Not all balance disorders will be treated easily. Some balance problems can be a temporary or long-term issue. This all relies on the cause of the problem. Just make sure of the problem and try to treat that under the supervision of a specialist.